Author: UGRF

SOUTH AFRICA’S XENOPHOBIC VIOLENCE AND STATE COMPLICITY– A CALL TO ACTION.

The United Global Resolve for Peace (UGRFP) has followed the xenophobic attacks on foreign Africans, particularly Nigerians, in South Africa with great regrets and repulsion. The recent looting and maiming of foreign African nationals in suburbs in South Africa follows from a tradition of blaming economic ills on others other than South African nationals and follows an insidious call by South African local leaders to their citizenry to protect the country’s sovereignty from other Africans.

As the mobs moved through the areas populated by foreign Africans and the their businesses a few days ago, their xenophobic intentions were clear- attack other African nationals and their businesses.
Xenophobia has come to become a regular and visible feature of South Africa ‘s political landscape. Other African nationals are habitually viewed as outsiders and are attached, killed and have their livelihood destroyed since the dawn of democracy in 1994 in a nationalistic movement that mirrors the Nazis annihilation plans for Jews in Germany who were accused similarly of having hijacked available jobs, positions and offices to the detriment of German nationals.

In South Africa, the blame for these attacks are leveled against the poor and criminals, but what is often left out is the apparent complicity of some officials of the South African state and its agencies. In fact, overwhelming evidence suggests that the South African government, in part, are as much complicit as the locals who go about attacking, raping and killing as we shall soon establish consequently.

The 7 August mob attack followed a stand-off and confrontation between the police and inner-city traders, who government stated were foreign nationals. During the confrontation, traders attacked and forced the police to retreat. The stand-off was followed by remarkable outrage and condemnations by state officials at all levels (Cabinet, Parliament, Gauteng province, police, Johannesburg municipality) as well as political party leaders.


Through all condemnations, the central theme was that the confrontation with law enforcement was an attack on the state’s sovereignty. This implies foreign interference and suggests that the outrage was caused not so much by the action (the confrontation itself) as by the identity of the actors: foreigners. After all, violent attacks on the police and other law enforcement agents are a regular occurrence during police raids and service delivery protests but rarely evoke such levels of outrage.

One can support the rule of law and condemn illegality, without disregarding basic principles of justice, proportionality, and due process. It must be stared that regular attacks of law enforcement in South Africa (whether by citizens of south Africa or foreign African nationals) are an expression of outrage against a policing system that only oppresses and extorts but does not protect.


As in the past, the language of “attack on sovereignty” was followed by explicit or implicit calls on citizens to defend their country. The mob attack on 7th August was a direct result of these calls, and confirms a dangerous emerging trend: xenophobic populism leads to attacks on foreign nationals.

Recent xenophobic attacks demonstrate state complicity in a number of ways. First, state officials’ calls on citizens to defend the country’s sovereignty and democracy is an order to attack foreigners; an order which the citizenry, already harboring pervasive and strong xenophobic sentiments, is unlikely to turn down.


Second, the mob carried out the attacks in the presence and full view of the police ( who represent the state). The lack of decisive police response to prevent or stop the attacks implies the state’s support or passive involvement. Third, these xenophobic attacks have not elicited any official political will and action to stem them beyond officious acknowledgements or condemnations that serve no real purpose. This is a sign of endorsement or at least tolerance by the state.

By continually denying its complicity through the inaction of its policing agents and the utterances of some of its own political leaders, the South African government re-enforces the criminal resolve of South Africans with xenophobic tendencies. Xenophobic attacks are not just everyday crimes, nor is it a spontaneous and irrational outburst. It is a rational action taken after perpetrators have weighed costs and benefits. In the current context, benefits outweigh costs, and so violence against foreign nationals continues.


While there are many factors that interact in many and complex ways to produce an incident of xenophobic violence, this discussion indicates that state complicity is a key element in the violence causal chain. It needs to be addressed for xenophobic violence to be prevented and the rule of law that offers fair and equal protection to all country’s residents to prevail.
Xenophobic violence undermines the rule of law and a state that is complicit in undermining the rule of law is a danger to itself, its legitimacy and the very sovereignty it wants to restore/protect through police raids.


The Nigerian government have a massive role to play in the next few days and weeks following the recent attacks on its citizens resident in South Africa, as do governments of other countries whose citizens are also victims of these attacks. It is a criminal trend that cannot be wished away by hopeful expressions for peace or by official declaration of condemnation not backed by action. The time and momentum calls for a decisive diplomatic action that should cause South Africa’s government to rethink its lax reaction to xenophobic attacks on its soils and under its watch.

Emerging information that indicates that Nigerian nationals who sought refuge in the Nigeria Embassy in South Africa were turned back and offered little solace sends the wrong impression to the marauders and the host government that the Nigerian government care even less about its own nationals and may further perpetuate the xenophobic resolves against Nigerians.

For the records, the xenophobic attacks in South Africa stands consumed and we at the United Global Resolve For Peace would continue to proffer lasting solutions to such actions that undermine African unity and peace.

Shalom Olaseni
Executive Director,
UGRFP.

INTERNET FRAUD HAS NO TRIBE.

 

With the release of over 80 Nigerian names by the FBI for internet fraud, with 78 being of the Igbo extraction, social media is awash with comments that seek to isolate the Igbos as the enhancers of international shame and opprobrium to Nigeria.
But crime has no tribe.
Within the country, the Yorubas & Benins have long been held out as the most probable culprits in instances of ‘419′ or Yahoo Yahoo, which explains in part why this new list has taken the Igbos to task.

Internet fraud, which is the use of the internet to deceive and defraud victims to part with money, has long been a negative index with a far reaching implication for Nigeria and Nigerians.

More countries are reluctant to grant travel visas to Nigerians, while those already out of the country deal with constant mistrust and negative labeling. Fewer business are doing business with Nigerian companies from fear of being scammed.

The crackdown of the Nigeria Police Force and the EFCC on cybercrimes is stunted by compromised officers/agents and a constantly evolving internet fraud complexity with these agencies behind in apprehension methods.

The debilitating social conditions and poor money culture means more youths continue to embrace internet fraud as a shortcut from poverty to wealth, believing in being able to keep their ill-gotten wealth by oiling the right fingers.

While it may seem trendy, it is indeed impolitic to hold the Igbos to sole account over an issue for which the world holds Nigeria responsible as a unit. Being a non-Igbo will not exempt a genuine Nigerian businessman from losing a deal over fears of a scam, being denied a visa, being racially and physically attacked or wielding an international passport with diminished potency all over the world.

Rather than play the tribal card, Nigerians and Nigeria would do well to recognize this as a national plight that demands concerted efforts in combatting. The Nigerian government must make cybercrime unattractive through the imposition of severe sanctions and the improvements of methods of apprehending fraudsters.

Also, by improving the economic situation of the country and engendering new social norms that frown at the celebration of ill-gotten wealth, while ridding the national consciousness of its money-culture with no consideration of the means to wealth, gains can be made in the fight against internet fraud and hopefully, redemption will be availed the Nigerian image before the international public.


Shalom Olaseni
Executive Director

EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS & OTHER ULTRA VIRES ILLS OF THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE

Over the years, the phrase ‘trigger-happy cops’ have been used severally as an euphemism for the many deaths of innocent bystanders and apprehended criminals in the hands of men of the Nigeria Police. The coinage points to an anomie that has taken on the conventions of a norm- condoned and covered up along the hierarchy of the Nigeria Police Force.

A recent video in circulation highlights what has come to be accepted as the modus operandi of the Nigeria Police Force and provides the template to examine this prevalent ill and a possible way forward. 

In the new video, men of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) are seen toting cocked guns at a band of two robbers who had been tied up and restrained with what looks like ropes.

One of the officers is heard barking to both men to step off the vehicle they had been bundled into before proceeding to shoot both men at point bank- unarmed and posing no threats to the officers or passersby. It is instructive to point out that it is yet unknown who made the recording and how it subsequently made its way to the public, but the video-maker is heard in the background gleefully encouraging the shooting of both disarmed men and saying, “ We no dey waste time”.

That last statement rendered in vernacular is apt in that it captures the general impatience of police officers who solve all debacles with pedestrians and commuters through the barrel of the gun. Kolade Johnson, a young and enterprising man, was hit by a stray bullet while minding his business only because a group of SARS operative who had gone to effect the arrest of a suspected internet fraudster decided that shooting at a fleeing suspect within a congested area was operationally sound.

Regulars commuters and drivers on interstate roads are left with little choice than bribe their way to freedom and safety when engaged by corrupt officers mounting roadblocks. Many lives have been wasted over as little as a disagreement over N50 to N500 by policemen who felt slighted by the inducement given, or a refusal to ‘play ball’. Many are threatened that they would be shot and wasted and nothing would come off it, a miserable truth which only encourages more and more innocent deaths.

But not all who have been summarily executed were innocent people as some have argued. In the first narration above, the two men who were killed were in fact men of the underworld who were tracked down and apprehended. It does beg the question, however, if our policemen are now judge, jury and executioners?

The operational manual of the Nigeria Police and the Police Act directs that the ultimate point of any arrest is to restrain and detain, not restrain and execute. The police have no arbitrary right to choose who lives or dies. If they did, our courts would be needless and the judiciary pointless. In combat situations, however, with policemen taking on fire, brute force is permissible in subduing the threat and gaining control. The video in reference clearly shows that the two men posed no danger to the police officers and had in fact been tied up and bundled into a bus before being executed in public glare with pomp and excitement.

A few weeks back, the Nigeria Police were themselves, victims of a ‘shoot first, ask questions later’ situation when three of its men were gunned to death by military men who mistook them for kidnappers. The Police, usually the perpetrators, took to their official pages to try to hold the Nigerian Army to account before the same Nigerian public that are a regular victim of police, AND military, brutality. It’s a dog-eat-dog plight, sad yet instructive.

Going forward, the Police Force must truly undertake measures to prevent as much as sanction officers who kill without justification. That men of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) are regular culprits is indicative of a lack of professionalism breeding within that rank and festering from inept oversight. There must be a total overhaul of the mentality of the average Nigerian Policeman through consistent reformatory training and accountability measures that respect neither rank nor file.

Only by refusing to condone and protect errant officers, and the application of severe sanctions for established cases of extra-judicial killings, bribery, commuter terrorism and abuse of official privileges, can the Nigeria Police Force attain an appreciable level of professionalism and acceptance with the public. As the unfortunate incidence involving its men and soldiers show, violence is not prejudicial to status and must hence be actively discouraged through positive actions

Shalom Olaseni
Executive Director, UNITED GLOBAL RESOLVE FOR PEACE(UGRFP)

PRESS RELEASE ON THE AMBUSH AND DEATH OF THREE SPECIAL DUTY POLICEMEN & A CIVILIAN IN THE HANDS OF MEN OF THE NIGERIA ARMY.

Tragic news filled the Nigeria space when on the 7th of August, 2019 three men of the Nigeria Police Force and a civilian where killed along the Ibi-Jalingo Road by soldiers whose agency have come out to describe the sad incidence as one of mistaken identity and the failure of the officers to properly identify themselves.  

With the Nigeria Police Force tweeting away counter claims to the army’s stating that its men did properly identify themselves, one thing becomes abundantly clear- the lack of operational synergy and exchange of information amongst Nigeria’s security forces, and even more, the underlying bubble of mutual distrust and resentment that may be the wrench in the works of inter-agency cooperation.

The three police officers who died have now been identified as a crack unit under the Inspector-General of Police ‘s Intelligence Response Team ( IRT) – a well-trained unit with an impressive record of apprehending elusive bandits, kidnappers and other militants against the Nigeria state. On this particular day, they were reported to have successfully arrested one Alhaji Hamisu Bala Wadume, identified as a notorious king-pin and kidnap enabler, and were transporting same back to Abuja when they met their gruesome fate.

A curious twist to the whole sordid affair is the failure of the Nigeria Army to produce the suspect who somehow survived the shoot-out. Alhaji Wadume remains untraceable yet wanted and it isbtrult an indictment on the Army that its men, even if unknowingly, secured the release of a suspect of kidnapping and have failed to have him returned to the Police for prosecution now that the facts have been laid out and their mistake called out.

It is truly troubling to note that the Nigeria state have normalized the intervention of soldiers in matters which are legally strictly within the purview of the Nigeria Police Force and sister-agencies saddled with the country’s internal security. Let’s note that the soldiers who took out the police unit where not on a routine patrol but were called by an unidentified individual, following which they gave hot pursuit and engaged the Police Unit in a gun battle that went awry for the latter.

The Nigeria Army ought to be an agency whose strict duty are restricted to protecting Nigeria ‘s territorial integrity and not deployed or called into civil matters. That such a convention is allowed and operated in Nigeria is symptomatic of a malady and as we now see can only lead to costly conflict and confrontations.

We would like to call on the nation’s Chief Security Officer, President Muhammadu Buhari, to ensure that a neutral investigative panel is set up to unearth and ascertain the entire truth of what transpired between the now deceased officers, the soldiers and the now missing Alhaji Wadume. Only the truth can ease and pave way for true reconciliation between the Nigeria Police and Army. It is imperative that the public are put in the know of the findings of this special committee as it would serve as a reference point in the future.

Nigeria must count its losses in the form of this special duty cops whose lives were cut short while in active duty on behalf of the government. Their death, while needless and regretful, affords the Nigeria Police an opportunity to be reflective in putting its own house in order. There have been several deaths of innocent members of the public in the hands of men of the Nigeria Police Force over mistaken identity. With the police itself now caught in the there, it is hoped that it will actively reposition itself to do better in curbing the indiscriminate killing of people by its trigger-happy cops.

 

The Nigeria Army must likewise be made to take responsibility for the actions of its soldiers as only then can remedy and restitution be gained. It is beginning to earn itself notoriety for regrettable killings and operations made worse by a failure to punish individual perpetrators within its rank. The Nigeria Army is no where above the law and must be subject to disciplinary actions deemed fit and just in circumstances such as this.

As a group, we extend our condolences to the surviving family members and friends of the slain policemen, we express the hope therein that the Nigeria Government will setup a special fund as a palliative or amelioration of the sudden burden incurred by this deaths. We also hope that maximum training will become a key feature of the Police and Army, while a stimulus for inter-agency cooperation and exchange of information will be undertaken with alacrity to forestall any such future occurrences.

 

Thank you.

Olaseni Shalom,

Executive Director,

United Global Resolve For Peace

(UGRFP).

 

 

 

 

 

 

ON THE DETENTION OF THE FAMILIES OF FLEEING MEN OF THE NIGERIA ARMY

The United Global Resolve For Peace (UGRFP) can authoritatively report the arrest and detention of the wife and children of one of a group of five soldiers who are reported to have absconded with over N400 million naira while on escort duty from Kaduna to Sokoto last July.

Mrs. Ayo Oluwaniyi, wife to one of the fleeing men, was arrested alongside her children and detainee at the 32 Artillery Brigade, Owena Barrack, Akure-Ondo state. She has since been denied access to her family members and held in lieu of her fleeing husband.

We condemn such an ignoble arrest in its entirety as it is bullish, reactive and illegal. No vicarious liability lies to the wife of a Nigeria army personnel or any other for that matter in such an instance of strict culpability except complicity can be established. Merely being the wife of one of the fleeing officers is not sufficient grounds to be detained nor is there operational logic or justice in holding an innocent family to ransom for the offence of another.

The integrity of the Nigeria Army is being called into question here on two fronts. One, is it truly an inhumane agency to consider the arrest and detention of a woman and her children as an act in good faith? Secondly, the calibre of men who join the Nigeria Army and ridicule it through bad action is an indictment on their recruiting process and calls for a revision of same.

The Nigeria Army are advised to formulate and pursue a more thorough plan to recover the stolen monies and apprehend the perpetrators, not seek an excuse to inflict pain on the families of these men who are clearly victims of their principals bad action.

 

Thank you.

Olaseni Shalom,

Executive Director,

United Global Resolve For Peace

(UGRFP).

 

PRESS REACTION OF THE UNITED GLOBAL RESOLVE FOR PEACE OVER THE ARREST AND DETENTION OF MR. OMOYELE SOWORE.

FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND LAWFUL GATHERING ARE IMMUTABLE HUMAN RIGHTS.

Today, being the 3rd of August, 2019 began with news of the arrest and detention of Mr. Omoyele Sowore, SaharaReporters Group founder and convener of the #RevolutuonIsNow movement which had a public protest slated for 5th August, 2019 against the Nigeria Government for having allegedly failed the Nigerian people.

We state, categorically, that we as a Group do not hold a brief for any political movement, nor let political colorations taint our positions on issues in the Nigerian society. We are, however, enjoined by good faith and our stated respect for the rule of law to condemn outright the Gestapo arrest and subsequent detention of Mr. Sowore. His late-night apprehension, in form and manner, is needless, ill-advised and a restraint against criticism.

No society is truly free if thoughts are regulated by its conformity or variance with government position. Mr. Sowere and his group are protected by the Nigerian Constitution to publicly decry government leadership provided same is done is done within the ambit of the law and natural civility. To attempt to label a protest which has yet been staged as an act of treason is to give it a bad name just to hang it. Such militant approach to free speech and gathering are not features of a democratic leadership and exposes Nigeria to international opprobrium as a dystopian society at odds with its own law.

In this instance, the Federal Government may want to heed the permissions that are built into Nigerians extant laws. No Nigerian citizens ought to live in fear of being raided and whisked away for daring to have an independent mind and differing perception of state policies.

We are properly appraised of insinuations that the #RevolutionIsNow movement is unconstitutional and perhaps, treasonable. Let it be stated that such a claim is a tall one that cannot be addressed without tact. The #RevolutionIsNow movement ought to be properly monitored until it becomes clear and unimpeachable acts show an attempt to create an alternative government or lead a coup against the existing one. Such, indeed, are the elements of a treason.

We would like to extend a word of caution to all conveners and participants such as #RevolutionIsNow. It is paramount that neither by words nor actions may such gatherings take on a militant posturing that draws security concerns or stoke civil unrest. All rights are only as absolute as they exist within the parameters of the law.

It is our hope that this matter will be resolved as amicably as the circumstance permits. The overall interest of Nigeria and Nigerians must take center place and be the pivotal theme from which to draw resolutions for a better country. Constructive criticism is good criticism, de facto exercise of de jure powers are ultra vires ab intio.

All drums of war being beaten by aggrieved sympathizers or members of Mr. Sowore ‘s #RevolutionIsNow movement must be tempered in common sense and the exercise of disciplined action. Dialogue, not violent action, is the modern world’s tool for reconciliation and the achievement of set goals.

The United Global Resolve For Peace will continue to follow unfolding events with a mind to run interventions in the interest of peace and order where necessary and possible. Our commitment to peace, which translates to growth and development for Nigeria, is affirmed by our positive action and set objectives.

Thank you.

Shalom Olaseni
Executive Director, UGRFP

PRESS STATEMENT ON ALLEGED DEATH OF MISS LEAH SHARIBU IN BOKO HARAM CAPTIVITY.

The media spaces have been awash with reactions to the claims by one Miss Grace Taku, an aid worker with Action Against Hunger who was kidnapped on the 18th of July, 2019 alongside others in Borno state, that the failure of the Nigerian government to act or ‘do something’ has led to the inevitable death of Miss Leah Shuaribu.

Miss Leah Shuaribu alongside over 100 other secondary school girls was kidnapped by Boko Haram in Dapchi, Yobe state on February 19th, 2018 in what was the terrorist groups second largest kidnap attempt. Regrettably, the efforts of the Nigerian Government to secure the release of all the kidnapped girls was blighted when all but Leah Shuaribu were released after negotiations between state officials and the terror group. The public was informed that efforts would be intensified to negotiate the release of Miss Leah Shuaribu who was reportedly still in captivity for her refusal to deny/renounce her Christian faith for Islam. Over 400 days later, amidst waning calls for actions on her behalf, the claims made by Miss Grace Taku in a video made in captivity has jolted the populace back into outrage and recentered discourse around a lonesome yet brave school girl

As a group, we must first caution against taking at a face value all the information passed on in the widely circulated video of Miss Grace Taku. It may as well be one part of a script by the insurgent group known for its propensity for propaganda and untruths. We, however, note that it is indeed not out of context for the objective of the group to assert itself through the actual death of Miss Leah Shuaribu especially as a strategy to purge public outrage against the government to bring them to the table of negotiation.

With the recent kidnap of a new Christian aid worker and others, Boko Haram have the fodder to perhaps bargain for the release of their men or other monetary gains to swell their ranks. The news of the death of Miss Leah Shuaribu who has gained a celebrity status of sorts with the general public as a rallying point of faith, bravery and expression of hope may yet be the ace hand dealt for instant attention.

We must wait for further proof of the claims in said video especially as it is well within the capacity of the Nigeria Government through its intelligence community to verify such a sordid claim.

It must be stated, however, that the abysmal effort of the Nigeria Government to pursue a course to secure the release of Miss Leah Shuaribu all these many months is a failure on their part. Miss Leah Shuaribu like so many other innocent school girls and boys, women and men who have been victims of the terror of Boko Haram, are statistical graveyards of the ineptitude of leadership, and of a failed security and social system.

All efforts to verify the sad claims made by Miss Taku must be intensified with the thought and intent to secure the release of Miss Leah Shuaribu and others like her if indeed news of her death is false.

We salute the courage of Miss Leah Shuaribu in the face of such adversity. Her trials have indeed been many and her triumph few, if any. Our thoughts are extended to her surviving family who must truly be the most hit by the seeming resignation of their daughter to the whims of a diabolically evil insurgent sect with an appetite for blood. The possibility of her death is exacerbated by the murderous rhetoric of the Boko Haram group and the negligent, thus culpable, inability of the government to have taken action in her case.

 

The incarceration of Miss Leah Shuaribu on grounds of her faith would serve as a point of introspection on the texture and nature of the Nigerian insurgent war, viewed through the prism of government action or inaction thence. It is truly a period that calls for sober reflections on Nigeria’s choices through its leaders in the hope that the country may move forward having better appraised, appreciated and resolved on how to defend its territorial integrity and the lives/livelihood of its citizenry.

Our thoughts are with Miss Leah Shuaribu, her family And Nigeria as a single, indissoluble whole. Our hopes are of peace, order and the restoration of calm in all crises afflicted regions in the nation. While we wait for official confirmation or rebuttal of claims of Miss Leah Shuaribu ‘s death, the public would do well to proffer constructive resolutions rather than wax political or sentimental when lives continue to be at stake.

Thank you.

Shalom Olaseni,
Executive Director,
United Global Resolve For Peace(UGRFP)

FIVE TOOLS TO ORGANIZING A SUCCESSFUL PROTEST

Organizing a successful protest can be quite tedious. There are many considerations, too many probabilities and logistics is often a nightmare- although this depends on the intended size of the protest.

We must note that a protest is only as successful as its organization, however, which makes preparation key. Characteristically, all protests have a different theme or form but the basics are the same. People are involved, a venue is picked and the protest is staged.

Below, we shall quickly work through an outline that will help you organize a successful protest or picketing in the future.

  1. Form Your Base/Team.

Before anything can actually happen, a team is required to make it happen. It is important that you chose your team carefully as they will serve to lead the others and provided momentum when needed. You will need to work with people who share your enthusiasm about the cause for your protest, and who are skilled in crowd control and handling the logistics of time and venue. Assign tasks. No one person can do it on their own. Create a master list of everything you need to get done for your event. Delegate tasks from that list to your fellow organizers and let them own the task.

  1. Set the Agenda.

As an organizer, you will need to take the time to gather and calmly plan the message, strategy, and actions to be taken. Be clear on the desired outcome. Everything that happens next depends on this crucial step. This should be a no-brainer, but when everyone’s hot under the collar and not thinking clearly, things may simply happen for the sake of happening. It is important you and your team drum in the real purpose of your protest with the wider public who would be coming out to join the protest.

Also, you may chose to create a WhatsApp Group or a platform on Facebook or Twitter that allows you, your team and members of the public exchange information unrestrained by time and space. It will be a platform for perfecting plans for the protest.

This is why  you must employ social media as a tool to engineer the right thought to lead to the right action on the day of the protest.

  1. Organizing the Protest Match

People may not be aware of your cause or be moved to do anything about it. Spread the word through mass emails, distribute flyers, get a buzz going on social media, and never underestimate the power of word of mouth. When people are passionate about something, they talk about it and push others to join. Then there’s the law. Find out what is required to legally hold a demonstration in your area and get the necessary permission.

You must set your time and venue well ahead of D-Day. If buses are to be used to convey some of your protesters, best they be marked for easy identification.

Set a takeoff time once you’ve arrived at your venue. Proceed as one unit.

Also, be creative with your message. Your aim is to grab attention-a dull poster equals a poor outing. Employ rhetoric, sarcasm and satire.

Please remember to ensure there are outliners who march in front of, besides and behind the protesters to keep them in file and rank. Unity of march is as important as unity of purpose. Protesters must be prevented from unnecessarily straying especially when you arrive at your target point for your protest.

  1. GET SECURITY.

Always keep the Police or other relevant security outfits informed of your planned protest. Write them a letter stating the purpose of your protest, include details such as time, place and an estimate of expected crowd.

You must also ask for Police protection. This keeps orders civil all through the match and also ensures that no harm is visited on your fellow protesters.

  1. KEEP THE HEAT ON.

A protest doesn’t end in a day. It doesn’t end in the streets either. Immediately after a successful match, go online, gain the attention of the world or your audience by publishing and pushing pictures, videos and writings covering the protest and the rationale behind it.

Gain the trust of media influencers and through them, keep the heat on till your interests or concerns are addressed.

Conclusively.

A key feature is to stay true to the purpose of your protest never straying from the ideals of civility.

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